Butterflies and Moths

Butterflies

Did you know that a wealth of butterflies are a good indicator of a healthy environment and they are also important pollinators?

Using our butterfly ID chart below, why not look in your garden or nearby hedgerows to see what butterflies make your backyard their home.

One of the most common butterflies is the orange-tip butterfly, a dainty little white butterfly with orange tips in the wings. But did you know that only the male butterflies have orange-tips?  The females have grey / black tips and are easily confused with the other common white butterflies in flight.

The orange-tip butterfly is an early flyer (April to July), coinciding with the cuckooflower (Lady’s smock) flowering through May and June.  The cuckooflower is the foodplant of the orange-tip, that is, the butterfly lays its eggs on the stalk of the flower and when the caterpillar hatches, it feeds on that same flower.

Join the annual Big Butterfly Count every July and record your sighting with the Centre for Environmental Data and Recording.

Moths

Moths and their caterpillars are important food items for many other species, including amphibians, small mammals, bats and many bird species.  Moth caterpillars are especially important for feeding young chicks including those of the most familiar garden birds such as the blue tit and the great tit, robin, wren and blackbird.

Moths also play a vital role in telling us about the health of our environment.  Since they are so widespread and found in so many different habitats, and are so sensitive to changes, moths are particularly useful as indicator species.  Monitoring their numbers and ranges can give us vital clues to changes in our own environment.

Download our moth ID guides below to see which species you can see in your own garden.

Take part in the annual Moth Night in July and record your moth sightings with the Centre for Environmental Data and Recording.

For more information on Biodiversity in the Fermanagh and Omagh District and how you can help email biodiversity@fermanaghomagh.com

Downloads
File Type Size Date
Butterfly Lifecycle pdf 841 KB 8th July 2021
Butterfly ID Sheet NI 2021 pdf 2 MB 8th July 2021
Butterfly ID Sheet NI 2021 (Irish) pdf 1 MB 8th July 2021
Moth Caterpillar ID Sheet pdf 2 MB 8th July 2021
Night Flying Moth ID Guide pdf 3 MB 8th July 2021
Moths ID Guide pdf 3 MB 8th July 2021
Moths How to Watch Moths pdf 10 MB 8th July 2021
Moths How to Build a Moth Trap pdf 1 MB 8th July 2021